suggestions for earthquake preparedness in the home)
Earthquakes strike suddenly, violently and without warning.
Identifying potential hazards ahead of time and advance
planning can reduce the dangers of serious injury or loss
of life from an earthquake.
for hazards in the home.
shelves securely to walls.
large or heavy objects on lower shelves.
breakable items such as bottled foods, glass, and china
in low, closed cabinets with latches.
heavy items such as pictures and mirrors away from beds,
couches, and anywhere people sit.
overhead light fixtures.
defective electrical wiring and leaky gas connections. These
are potential fire risks.
a water heater by strapping it to the wall studs and bolting
it to the floor.
any deep cracks in ceilings or foundations. Get expert advice
if there are signs of structural defects.
weed killers, pesticides, and flammable products securely
in closed cabinets with latches and on bottom shelves.
safe places in each room.
sturdy furniture such as a heavy desk or table.
an inside wall.
from where glass could shatter around windows, mirrors,
pictures, or where heavy bookcases or other heavy furniture
could fall over.
safe places outdoors.
In the open, away from buildings, trees, telephone and electrical
lines, overpasses, or elevated expressways.
sure all family members know how to respond after an earthquake.
Teach all family members how and when to turn off gas, electricity,
children how and when to call 9-1-1, police, or fire department
and which radio station to tune to for emergency information.
your local emergency management office or American Red Cross
chapter for more information on earthquakes.
disaster supplies on hand.
and extra batteries
battery-operated radio and extra batteries
aid kit and manual
food and water
and credit cards
an emergency communication plan.
In case family members are separated from one another during
an earthquake (a real possibility during the day when adults
are at work and children are at school), develop a plan
for reuniting after the disaster.
an out-of-state relative or friend to serve as the "family
contact." After a disaster, it's often easier to call
long distance. Make sure everyone in the family knows the
name, address, and phone number of the contact person.
cover under a piece of heavy furniture or against an inside
wall and hold on.
most dangerous thing to do during the shaking of an earthquake
is to try to leave the building because objects can fall
into the open, away from buildings, street lights, and utility
in the open, stay there until the shaking stops.
in a moving vehicle:
quickly and stay in the vehicle.
to a clear area away from buildings, trees, overpasses,
or utility wires.
the shaking has stopped, proceed with caution. Avoid bridges
or ramps that might have been damaged by the quake.
after an Earthquake
behavior of pets may change dramatically after an earthquake.
Normally quiet and friendly cats and dogs may become aggressive
or defensive. Watch animals closely. Leash dogs and place
them in a fenced yard.
may not be allowed into shelters for health and space reasons.
Prepare an emergency pen for pets in the home that includes
a 3-day supply of dry food and a large container of water.
prepared for aftershocks.
Although smaller than the main shock, aftershocks cause
additional damage and maybring weakened structures down.
Aftershocks can occur in the first hours, days, weeks, or
even months after the quake.
injured or trapped persons.
Give first aid where appropriate. Do not move seriously
injured persons unless they are in immediate danger of further
injury. Call for help.
to a battery-operated radio or television for the latest
to help your neighbors who may require special assistance--infants,
the elderly, and people with disabilities.
out of damaged buildings. Return home only when authorities
say it is safe.
the telephone only for emergency calls.
up spilled medicines, bleaches or gasoline or other flammable
liquids immediately. Leave the area if you smell gas or
fumes from other chemicals.
closet and cupboard doors cautiously.
the entire length of chimneys carefully for damage. Unnoticed
damage could lead to a fire.
UTILITIES IN A DAMAGED HOME Check for gas leaks--If you
smell gas or hear blowing or hissing noise, open a window
and quickly leave the building. Turn off the gas at the
outside main valve if you can and call the gas company from
a neighbor's home. If you turn off the gas for any reason,
it must be turned back on by a professional.
for electrical system damage--If you see sparks or broken
or frayed wires, or if you smell hot insulation, turn off
the electricity at the main fuse box or circuit breaker.
If you have to step in water to get to the fuse box or circuit
breaker, call an electrician first for advice.
for sewage and water lines damage--If you suspect sewage
lines are damaged, avoid using the toilets and call a plumber.
If water pipes are damaged, contact the water company and
avoid using water from the tap. You can obtain safe water
by melting ice cubes.
and Disaster: Be Prepared
Safety: Pets and Disaster
First aid | Farm
following information has been prepared by the Humane
Society of the United States in cooperation with the
American Red Cross
pets enrich our lives in more ways than we can count. In
turn, they depend on us for their safety and well-being.
Here's how you can be prepared to protect your pets when
Prepared with a Disaster Plan
The best way to protect your family from the effects of
a disaster is to have a disaster plan. If you are a pet
owner, that plan must include your pets. Being prepared
can save their lives.
disasters require different responses. But whether the disaster
is a hurricane or a hazardous spill, you may have to evacuate
the event of a disaster, if you must evacuate, the most
important thing you can do to protect your pets is to evacuate
Leaving pets behind, even if you try to create a safe place
for them, is likely to result in their being injured, lost,
or worse. So prepare now for the day when you and your pets
may have to leave your home.
Have a Safe Place To Take Your Pets
Red Cross disaster shelters cannot accept pets because
of states' health and safety regulations and other considerations.
Service animals who assist people with disabilities are
the only animals allowed in Red Cross shelters. It
may be difficult, if not impossible, to find shelter for
your animals in the midst of a disaster, so plan ahead.
Do not wait until disaster strikes to do your research.
hotels and motels outside your immediate area to check
policies on accepting pets and restrictions on number,
size, and species. Ask if "no pet" policies
could be waived in an emergency. Keep a list of "pet
friendly" places, including phone numbers, with other
disaster information and supplies. If you have notice
of an impending disaster, call ahead for reservations.
friends, relatives, or others outside the affected area
whether they could shelter your animals. If you have more
than one pet, they may be more comfortable if kept together,
but be prepared to house them separately.
a list of boarding facilities and veterinarians who could
shelter animals in an emergency; include 24-hour phone
local animal shelters if they provide emergency shelter
or foster care for pets in a disaster. Animal shelters
may be overburdened caring for the animals they already
have as well as those displaced by a disaster, so this
should be your last resort.
Assemble a Portable Pet Disaster Supplies Kit
Whether you are away from home for a day or a week, you'll
need essential supplies. Keep items in an accessible place
and store them in sturdy containers that can be carried
easily (duffle bags, covered trash containers, etc.). Your
pet disaster supplies kit should include:
and medical records (stored in a waterproof container)
and a first aid kit.
leashes, harnesses, and/or carriers to transport pets
safely and ensure that your animals can't escape.
photos of your pets in case they get lost.
potable water, bowls, cat litter/pan, and can opener.
on feeding schedules, medical conditions, behavior problems,
and the name and number of your veterinarian in case you
have to foster or board your pets.
beds and toys, if easily transportable.
Know What To Do As a Disaster Approaches
warnings are issued hours, even days, in advance. At the
first hint of disaster, act to protect your pet.
ahead to confirm emergency shelter arrangements for you
and your pets.
to be sure your pet disaster supplies are ready to take
at a moment's notice.
all pets into the house so that you won't have to search
for them if you have to leave in a hurry.
sure all dogs and cats are wearing collars and securely
fastened, up-to-date identification. Attach the phone
number and address of your temporary shelter, if you know
it, or of a friend or relative outside the disaster area.
You can buy temporary tags or put adhesive tape on the
back of your pet's ID tag, adding information with an
may not be home when the evacuation order comes. Find out
if a trusted neighbor would be willing to take your pets
and meet you at a prearranged location. This person should
be comfortable with your pets, know where your animals are
likely to be, know where your pet disaster supplies kit
is kept, and have a key to your home. If you use a petsitting
service, they may be available to help, but discuss the
possibility well in advance.
and preparation will enable you to evacuate with your pets
quickly and safely. But bear in mind that animals react
differently under stress. Outside your home and in the car,
keep dogs securely leashed. Transport cats in carriers.
Don't leave animals unattended anywhere they can run off.
The most trustworthy pets may panic, hide, try to escape,
or even bite or scratch. And, when you return home, give
your pets time to settle back into their routines. Consult
your veterinarian if any behavior problems persist.
for Birds in an Emergency
Birds should be transported in a secure travel cage or carrier.
In cold weather, wrap a blanket over the carrier and warm
up the car before placing birds inside. During warm weather,
carry a plant mister to mist the birds' feathers periodically.
Do not put water inside the carrier during transport. Provide
a few slices of fresh fruits and vegetables with high water
content. Have a photo for identification and leg bands.
If the carrier does not have a perch, line it with paper
towels and change them frequently. Try to keep the carrier
in a quiet area. Do not let the birds out of the cage or